* Opioids – Fertility & Hormones * B1/Thiamine – Alcohol & Dementia * Sterilized Probiotics – Obesity & Diabetes * Deep Sleep – Androgens *

Tramadol (opioid) abuse is associated with a dose‐ and time‐dependent poor sperm quality and hyperprolactinaemia in young men Tramadol is a common opioid painkiller. Previous studies have shown negative reproductive effects in male animals. This study found low testosterone, high prolactin, and poor sperm parameters associated with tramadol abuse. Prolactin was doubled in the tramadol […]